Former Erikson Scholars
January 2017 - April 2017
Mark Stoholski, PhD, received his doctorate in comparative literature at Emory University; he then served as associate director of psychoanalytic studies at the same institution. His research addresses the theories of affect and aesthetics associated with the ancient Greek sophists, as well as their various afterlives in modern literature, philosophy, and psychoanalysis. His current project investigates the theoretical and clinical implications of affective symbolization, as it is portrayed by the authors of the “Budapest School” of psychoanalysis: Sándor Ferenczi, István Hollós, Imre Hermann, Nicolas Abraham, and Ivan Fónagy, amongst others.
Stoholski is co-editor, with Julie Gaillard and Claire Nouvet, of Traversals of Affect: On Jean-François Lyotard (Bloomsbury 2016). His current and presently forthcoming articles include examinations of the uses of Homeric poetry in ancient Greco-Egyptian ritual practice, the defensive function of music within Daniel Paul Schreber’s Memoirs of My Nervous Illness, and the role of aesthetics in the thought of Democritus.
September 2016 - December 2016
Lisa Barksdale-Shaw, JD, PhD, completed her law degree at the University of Michigan and after several years of practice returned to school at Michigan State University and completed a PhD in English Literature. Dr. Barksdale-Shaw's scholarly specialization is in the fields of "early modern English drama and the study of law and literature with interests in material culture, stage properties and performance, evidence and criminology, violence, justice and the history of law."
Dr. Barksdale-Shaw uses her specialties to consider themes of revenge and the genre of tragedies in literature and drama, and the nature of evidence and how it is presented on the stage and in the court. Her project as an Erikson Scholar was "The warrior gene: Racial trauma and identity in William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe."
June 2016 - August 2016
Nancy McWilliams, PhD, ABPP, teaches at Rutgers University’s Graduate School of Applied & Professional Psychology and has a private practice in Flemington, NJ. She is author of Psychoanalytic Diagnosis (1994; rev. ed. 2011), Psychoanalytic Case Formulation (1999), and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (2004), all with Guilford Press. She has edited, coauthored, or contributed to several other books, and is Associate Editor of the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (2006; rev. ed. due 2016). She is a former president of the Division of Psychoanalysis (39) of the American Psychological Association and is on the editorial board of Psychoanalytic Psychology. A graduate of the National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, Dr. McWilliams is also affiliated with the Center for Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis of New Jersey.
Awards include the Gradiva prize (1999), the Goethe Scholarship Award (2012), the Rosalee Weiss award for contributions to practice (2004), the Laughlin distinguished teacher award (2007), the Hans Strupp Award for teaching, practice and writing (2014), and the Division 39 awards for both Leadership (2005) and Scholarship (2012). She has given commencement addresses for the Yale University School of Medicine and the Smith College of Social Work. The American Psychological Association chose her to represent psychoanalytic therapy in a 2011 remake of the classic film, “Three Approaches to Psychotherapy,” and asked her to be a plenary speaker for the 2015 APA convention in Toronto.
Dr. McWilliams is an honorary member of the American Psychoanalytic Association, the Moscow Psychoanalytic Society, and the Warsaw Scientific Association for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Her writings have been translated into twenty languages.
January 2016 - May 2016
Nancy Kuhl is Curator of Poetry of the Yale Collection of American Literature at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University. She is the author of exhibition catalogs, including, Intimate Circles: American Women in the Arts. An award-winning poet, she is the author of poetry collections including Pine to Sound, Suspend, and The Wife of the Left Hand. She has been a Research Fellow at the Western New England Institute for Psychoanalysis since 2012. As an Erikson Scholar in 2016, she continued an ongoing investigation of multiple intersections between literary archives and the history and theories of psychoanalysis. Her research helped to shape her next major curatorial project: an exhibition exploring models of creative collaboration—including artistic partnership, the artist-muse relationship, creative competition—in the work of artistic pairs including Alfred Stieglitz and Georgia O’Keeffe, Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston, and others (tentatively scheduled for the winter of 2018 at the Beinecke Library).
September 2015 - December 2015
Rachael Rosner, PhD, is a Boston-based independent scholar. She earned a BA in Ancient Greek from the University of Michigan, an MA in History from the University of Rochester, and a PhD in Psychology from York University, Canada. She also completed a 3-year National Science Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship in the Department of the History of Science at Harvard University. Her general interest is in the history of 20th century American psychotherapy, with a specific focus on the origins of Aaron T. Beck’s Cognitive Therapy. Her historical articles about Beck have appeared in the journals History of Psychology, Isis, and Cognitive Psychotherapy. She is also the recipient of the Early Career Award and the Best Article Award from Division 26 (History of Psychology) of the American Psychological Association. Dr. Rosner is currently writing the first comprehensive biography of Beck, tentatively titled In Beck’s Basement: Aaron T. Beck and the Emergence of Cognitive Therapy. Her project is a study of the conceptual and clinical bridges between Beck’s cognitive therapy and the particular strain of ego psychology that David Rapaport, Erik Erikson and others innovated at Riggs in the 1950s, and in which Beck trained from 1950 to 1952. She also is exploring the evolution of the ego psychology model at Riggs, both through a study of archival documents at the Riggs library and through participation in case conferences.
June 2015 - September 2015
Stephen N. Xenakis, MD, Brigadier General (Ret), USA is a psychiatrist with an active clinical and consulting practice. He is the Founder of the Center for Translational Medicine that develops treatments and conducts tests on brain related conditions affecting soldiers and veterans. He has been a senior adviser to the Department of Defense on wide range of issues concerning the care and support to service members and their families. Retiring at the rank of brigadier general, he served 28 years in the United States Army as a medical corps officer. Dr. Xenakis has been written widely on medical ethics, military medicine, and treatment of detainees, including book chapters and legal reviews and appears regularly on national radio and television. He is currently working on the clinical applications of quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) to brain injury and neurobehavioral conditions and promoting integrative care programs for veterans. Dr. Xenakis is an Adjunct Professor at the Uniformed Services of Health Sciences of the military medical department. He is a graduate of Princeton University and the University of Maryland School of Medicine.
January 2015 - May 2015
Dale Peterson, PhD, graduated from the University of Rochester with a double-major BA, in English and Psychology, and then attended Stanford University to complete a PhD in English Literature in 1977.
He has written about anthropology, art, computers, literature, psychiatry, and travel, but his primary subject is animals: their lives, meaning, and fate. He has traveled the world, from South America to Africa and Southeast Asia— looking for wild animals. He's also examined how people treat animals, conducting undercover investigations in the U.S., surveying wild animal meat markets in Central Africa and Asia, interviewing gorilla hunters and elephant marketers in Africa, and following the trail of illegal animal body parts from northern Burma into China.
Dr. Peterson Translated into nine foreign languages, Dale Peterson's books have been distinguished as Best Book of the Year by the Boston Globe, Denver Post, Discover, The Economist, Globe and Mail, Library Journal, and the Village Voice; two of his books were listed as Notable Books of the Year by The New York Times. He has been shortlisted for the Sir Peter Kent Conservation Book Prize in Britain and, in the United States, for the L.L. Winship Prize. He currently serves as a member of the executive board for PEN New England; as an executive board member, Dale founded and now chairs the committee for the Henry David Thoreau Prize for Literary Excellence in Nature Writing. More recently, he co-organized the symposium at Harvard University on Animal Consciousness: Evidence and Implications. Since 1984, he has been an adjunct faculty member in the English Department at Tufts University. He lives with his wife, Wyn Kelley, in Arlington, Massachusetts.
For more information, visit: www.dalepetersonauthor.com.
September 2014 - December 2014
Annie Rogers, PhD, professor of psychoanalysis and clinical psychology, received her BA from Webster College and her PhD from Washington University. She comes to Hampshire after fifteen years of teaching and doing research at Harvard University.
She has conducted studies on a range of topics including the psychological development of girls; ego and moral development in both genders; and the ways trauma and its repetition shapes development for girls. This research has been supported and funded by the Lilly Foundation, the Spencer Foundation, the Harvard Medical School, the Fulbright Association, and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies.
She is the author of A Shining Affliction; Women, Girls and Psychotherapy: Reframing Resistance (co-edited); Charlie's Chasing the Sheep (editor); and The Unsayable: The Hidden Language of Trauma.
A watercolor painter and published poet, she lives in Ireland during the summers. Dr. Rogers is a Lacanian psychoanalyst. Dr. Rogers' worked on her project: "Tracing language transformations in psychosis: A raid on the inarticulate."
January 2014 - May 2014
Diane O’Donoghue, PhD, recently has completed her second term as chair of the Department of Visual and Critical Studies at Tufts University, in affiliation with the School of the Museum of Fine Arts. An art historian, she received her PhD from Harvard, where she focused on the visual culture of early China, and then wrote a monograph on the origins of mirrors and the implications of reflection in China’s Bronze Age. For her work on connections among archaeology, visualities, and psychoanalysis, she has has received the CORST Prize from the American Psychoanalytic Association and the Deutsch and Silberger Prizes, and is currently completing a book, under contract with Fordham University Press, in their “Psychoanalytic Interventions” series. She is a scholar member and on the faculty of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute. She has been the Sigmund Freud Fulbright Scholar of Psychoanalysis in Vienna and, in the 2013-2014 academic year, is a Faculty Fellow at Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service at Tufts.
September 2013 - December 2013
Mark Micale, PhD, is currently Professor of History at the University of Illinois in Urbana Champaign, where he teaches courses in the history of medicine and science. He earned his PhD in 1987 at Yale with a dissertation on Charcot followed by post-doctoral training at the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine in London. He is the author of several books dealing with aspects of the history of psychiatry, especially European psychiatry in the nineteenth century, early psychoanalysis, the history of diagnostics, and the cultural history of psychological medicine. Included among his publications are Traumatic Pasts: History, Psychiatry, and Trauma in the Modern Age (2001) and Hysterical Men: The Hidden History of Male Nervous Illness (2008). While at Riggs, Dr. Micale worked on three scholarly projects for publication, with the idea that immersion in the intensive doctor and patient centered environment here would impact the way he conceives, researches, and writes psychiatric history. Dr. Micale was part of the 2013 Fall conference as the keynote speaker. His talk was titled "What History and Historians Can Contribute to the Study of Trauma"
June 2013 - August 2013
Lewis Hyde is a poet, essayist, translator, and cultural critic with a particular interest in the public life of the imagination. His 1983 book, The Gift, illuminates and defends the non-commercial portion of artistic practice. Hyde's most recent book, Common as Air, is a spirited defense of our "cultural commons," that vast store of ideas, inventions, and works of art that we have inherited from the past and continue to enrich in the present. A MacArthur Fellow and former director of undergraduate creative writing at Harvard University, Hyde teaches during the fall semesters at Kenyon College, where he is the Richard L. Thomas Professor of Creative Writing. As an Erikson Scholar, Dr. Hyde worked on his project "A Primer for Forgetting."
April 2013 - June 2013
John Kerr is the author of A Most Dangerous Method: The Story of Jung, Freud, & Sabrina Spielrein, a historical study of psychoanalysis, recently made into a movie. He trained as a clinical psychologist at New York University and has worked as a staff psychologist in diverse inpatient and outpatient settings. In addition, for many years, he was the senior editor at The Analytic Press, a publisher of books for psychoanalysts and other mental health professionals. He is the co-editor of Freud and the History of Psychoanalysis and of Attachment Theory: Social, Developmental, and Clinical Perspectives. He is currently a member of the Rapaport-Klein Study Group, a visiting teacher at Harvard Medical School, and an honorary member of the William Alanson White Society of New York. As an Erikson Scholar he participated in research on early attachment while writing a play about the American psychiatrist, Harry Stack Sullivan. John Kerr passed away in July 2016. See A Great Loss of a Great Man for more information.
September 2012 - December 2012
Anne Dailey, JD, is Evangeline Starr Professor of Law at the University of Connecticut School of Law. From 2009-2014 she was a Research Fellow at the Western New England Institute for Psychoanalysis. Professor Dailed received the 2002 CORST Prize from the American Psychoanalytic Association for the paper "Developmental Perspectives on the Ideal of Reason in American Constitutional Law," which was subsequently published in the Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Her current project is a book on psychoanalysis, entitled Analyzing Law: Psychoanalysis and Law in the Twenty-First Century (Yale University Press 2017). The book takes a psychoanalytic approach to the study of law's theory, doctrine and adjudication, exploring in detail the laws governing criminal confessions, intimate contracts, violent threats, the therapist-patient relationship, sexual choice, and children's rights. In Fall 2015, Professor Dailey was the Jody Ellant and Howard Reiter Family Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania's Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies, working on a project on the law of confessions in Jewish law from a psychoanalytic perspective.
August 2012 - September 2012
Yuko Okamoto, PhD, is Professor of Clinical Psychology at Hiroshima University in Japan, and one of that country’s leading developmental and clinical psychologists. Dr. Okamoto is the author of numerous journal articles and books on adult identity crises and psychotherapy. As an Erikson Scholar, she examined the concept of adult generativity, especially as it related to the development and transmission of professional identity.
September 2011 - December 2011
Ann Murray, PhD, received her PhD in Art History from Brown University. From 1974 until 2010, she was on the faculty of Wheaton College, Norton, MA, where she was Director of the Beard and Weil Art Galleries and Professor of Art History. Her courses spanned 19th-21st century art and included seminars on Vincent van Gogh and contemporary women artists, among other topics. Her project is a biography of Ruth Lynda Deyo (1884-1960), a prodigy pianist, composer, visual artist and synesthete whose bouts of depression and mood swings led her to spend the winter of 1912-13 in Stockbridge under the care of Austen Fox Riggs.
Wheaton Quarterly News Article on Ann Murray
Joshua Wolf Shenk is a widely published essayist. His book, Lincoln’s Melancholy: How Depression Challenged a President and Fueled His Greatness, was named one of the best books of 2005 by The New York Times. His Erikson Scholar project takes up the synergy of creative partnerships, the subject of his forthcoming book, Creative Collaborations.
April – May, 2011
Diptiranjan Pattanaik, PhD, from Orissa, India, is an Associate Professor of English at Bandaras Hindu University. His field is creative writing, children's fiction and literary criticism. His Erikson Scholar project has to do with what happens to tribal cultures when modernity comes into their experience.
September 2010 – December 2010
Ann Marie Plane, PhD., PsyD, is Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and a graduate and former Training Analyst of the Institute for Contemporary Psychoanalysis in Los Angeles. She is the author of two books and an anthology: Colonial Intimacies: Indian Marriage in Early New England (Cornell U. P., 2000), Dreams and the Invisible World in Colonial New England: Indians, Colonists and the Seventeenth-Century (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), and co-editor, with Leslie Tuttle, of Dreams, Dreamers and Visions: The Early Modern Atlantic World (Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 2013). Her current research focuses on constructions of anger in seventeenth-century New England, including interpersonal and inter societal violence.
February 2010 – May 2010
Bernard Reginster, PhD, is Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department, Brown University, Providence, RI. Professor Reginster's work focuses on issues in ethics, moral psychology, and philosophy of mind in 19th and 20th century continental philosophy. He has written a number of articles on Nietzsche and 19th century ethics, and a book, The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism (Harvard Press, 2006). His project as an Erikson Scholar re-examines basic concepts, like shame and alienation, from comtemporary philosophical and psychoanalytic perspectives.
July 2009 – August 2009
Jessica Stern, PhD, is one of the country's foremost experts on terrorism. She serves on the Hoover Institution Task Force on National Security and Law. In 2009, she was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for her work on trauma and violence. She is a member of the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations. She has held positions as Lecturer on Law and Academic Director of the Program on Terrorism and the Law at Harvard Law School and served on President Clinton’s National Security Council. She was named a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, National Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Fellow of the World Economic Forum, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellow. In 2009, she was also a Fellow at the Yaddo Colony for the Arts and the MacDowell Colony. She is the author of Denial: A Memoir of Terror, named a best non-fiction book of 2010 by the Washington Post, Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, selected by the New York Times as a notable book of the year; The Ultimate Terrorists; and numerous articles on terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. She is also an Advanced Academic Candidate at the Massachusetts Institute for Psychoanalysis.
January 2009 – April 2009
Mark Lipton, PhD, is Professor of Management at the New School in New York City. He is currently director of the Tenenbaum Leadership Initiative, and is the author of Guiding Growth: How Vision Keeps Companies on Course (Harvard Business School Press, 2003). His research and opinions on management and strategy have appeared in the Harvard Business Review, Sloan Management Review, Journal of Management Consulting, Optimize, Executive Excellence, and Organization Development Journal, among others. His research at Riggs focused on entrepreneurship and its pathologies.
September 2008 – December 2008
Ellen Handler Spitz, PhD, is Honors Professor of Visual Art at the University of Maryland. She received her PhD in Philosophy and the Social Sciences from Columbia and her Masters degree in the teaching of the Fine Arts from Harvard. She has held a number of Fellowships, including at the Clark Art Institute, the Rutgers University Center for Children and Childhood Studies, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, and the Sigmund Freud Center for Study and Research in Psychoanalysis at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She is a widely published author, whose several books include Image and Insight: Psychoanalysis and the Arts and The Brightening Glance: Imagination and Childhood.
September 2007 – September 2008
David Reiss, MD, received his MD from Harvard and his psychoanalytic training from the Washington Psychoanalytic Institute where he was a Teaching Analyst. He is formerly the Director of the Center for Family Research and the Division of Psychiatric Research at the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC. He is the author of over 160 scientific papers as well as six books, including The Relationship Code: Deciphering Genetic and Social Influences on Adolescent Development (with Jenae Neiderheiser, Mavis Hetherington and Robert Plomin, Harvard, 2000) and principal investigator on many NIH grants investigating family relationships and genetic mechanisms in human development across the life span. His work at Riggs involved adapting research designs for evaluating process and outcome of treatment in a psychodynamically-oriented therapeutic community. He also works with Linda Mayes, Mary Target and Peter Fonagy at the Yale Child Study Center and the Anna Freud Center in London on integrating psychoanalytic thinking with genetics and family systems into programs of research on preventive intervention. He is also a consultant on genetics to the National Institute on Aging.
July 2008 – August 2008
Shmuel Erlich, PhD, and Mira Erlich-Ginor, MA, are Training and Supervisory Psychoanalysts in the Israel Psychoanalytic Society, and innovative leaders in the field of group relations. They are Founding Members of the group relations organization, OFEK, in Israel, and Founding Members of the Partnership in Confronting Collective Atrocities. They are widely published and very involved with psychoanalytic education internationally. Shmuel was the Sigmund Freud Professor of Psychoanalysis at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem, and the President of the Israel Psychoanalytic Society. He was also a Fellow at the Austen Riggs Center in the late 1960s.
March 2006 – August 2006
Arthur Wesley Carr, PhD, is the retired Dean of Westminster Abbey, an experienced group relations consultant and author, having written extensively in the areas of pastoral care, the church in society, and the dynamics of groups and organizations. He is the co-author, with Edward Shapiro, M.D., of Lost in Familiar Places (Yale University Press, 1991).
September 2005 – December 2005
James Gilligan, MD, is Visiting Professor of Psychiatry and Social Policy, University of Pennsylvania; Distinguished Visiting Scholar and Adjunct Professor, New York University; President, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence; and author of numerous books and articles on violence.
July 2005 – July 2006
J. Christopher Perry, MD, MPH, is a Professor of Psychiatry, McGill University; Director of Psychotherapy Research, Institute of Community and Family Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General Hospital, Montreal; a former Research Affiliate of the Erikson Institute.
July 2005 – August 2005
Donna Bentolila, PhD, is a psychoanalyst originally from Argentina and currently practicing in Boca Raton, Florida. She is a member of the Lacan Clinical Forum. Her work at Riggs involved a clinical study of her treatment of a very disturbed patient.
Erikson Scholars 1985 - 2005
9/2003 Vamik Volkan, MD – Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry, University of Virginia, Training and Supervisory Analyst, Washington Psychoanalytic Institute. See Senior Erikson Scholar section.
7/2001 Erlich, H. Shmuel, PhD - Sigmund Freud Professor of Psychoanalysis, Hebrew University, Jerusalem; President of the Israel Psychoanalytic Society.
8/1999 Burston, Daniel, PhD - Associate Professor of Psychology Duquesne University.
5/1999 Sebek, Michael, PhD - President of the Czech Psychoanalytic Society.
Adrienne Harris, PhD, is Faculty and Supervisor at New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis. She is on the faculty and is a supervisor at the Psychoanalytic Institute of Northern California. In 2009, She, Lewis Aron, and Jeremy Safron established the Sandor Ferenczi Center at the New School University. With Lewis Aron she edits the Relational Book Series which has published over 60 volumes.
She published Rocking the Ship of State: Women and Peace Politics in 1985; Gender as Soft Assembly in 2005, She edited, with Muriel Dimen Storms in her Head (on women and hysteria), with Lewis Aron, The Legacy of Sandor Ferenczi, with Steven Botticelli First Do No Harm: Psychoanalysis, Warmaking and Resistance, 2010, and in 2015 with Steven Kuchuck, The Legacy of Sandor Ferenczi: From Ghost to Ancestor.
She writes about gender and development, about analytic subjectivity, about ghosts, and about the analysts developing and writing around the period of the First World War.
10/1998 Francoise Davoine, PhD, and Jean-Max Gaudilliere, PhD - Psychoanalysts in Paris; authors of History Beyond Trauma.
8/1998 Beitman, Bernard, MD - Chairman, Psychiatry & Neurology University of Missouri-Columbia.
View Dr. Beitman's Website
6/1998 Mohatt, Gerald, EdD - Professor of Psychology, University of Alaska Fairbanks
11/1997 Brenman-Gibson, Margaret, PhD - Member of American Psychoanalytic Association; Davidson Films.
7/1996 Appelbaum, Stephen A., PhD - Prairie Village, KS; Authored "Evocativeness: Moving, and Persuasive Interventions in Psychotherapy."
9/1994 Demos, E. Virginia, EdD - 1990-1994, Director, Treatment Center, Boston Institute for Psychotherapy.
7/1993 Eagle, Morris N., PhD - Professor, Department of Applied Psychology, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto; Faculty, New York Postdoctoral Training Program in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy; and Senior Clinical Associate, Clark Institute of Psychiatry, Toronto.
Sigourney Award Winner
7/1992 Muller, John P., PhD - 1989-1992, Director of Psychology and Psychotherapy, Four Winds Hospital, Chicago.
7/1991 Meyer, Jon K., MD - Professor of Psychoanalysis and Professor of Psychiatry, Medical College of Wisconsin; Training and Supervising Analyst, Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis/Wisconsin New Training Facility.
View Dr. Meyer's Website
7/1990 Hanly, Charles MT, PhD - Professor of Philosophy, University of Toronto; Training Analyst, Toronto and Canadian Psychoanalytic Institute.
1988-1989 Rafael Moses, MD
Sigourney Award Winner
7/1987 Tahka, Viekko, MD - Emeritus Professor and Chairman, Department of Psychiatry; Former Head of Psychiatric University Clinic, University of Kuopio, Finland; Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Universities of Helsinki and Turku; Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst, Honorary Member and former President, Finnish Psychoanalytical Society; former Vice President, European Psychoanalytic Federation; and Honorary Member, Finnish Psychiatric Association.
7/1985 Prelinger, Ernst, PhD - Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology, Yale University School of Medicine; Faculty, Western New England Institute of Psychoanalysis.